Sometimes during a discussion of Biblical or scientific topics the term “worldview” may appear. This may in reference to a “Biblical worldview” or an “Evolutionary worldview”. What exactly is a worldview? In a nutshell, a worldview is the framework through which a person or group views the world. In more detail, it refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs through which an individual, group or culture interprets the world and interacts with it.
- A worldview is an underlying set of beliefs and truths that generally goes unquestioned or undisputed by the group or individual.
- A worldview is learned, and often has its basis in childhood. A person can change their worldview, but such change can come with great difficulty.
- A worldview can be false and destructive, such as people with hardened prejudices.
- A worldview can be of a religious, political, cultural, or generational nature. A person may have more than one type of worldview that can overlap, and sometimes conflict, with another.
The Biblical Worldview
A person or group with a Biblical worldview has the Bible as the foundation of their life. While there may be some minor interpretive differences, there are consistent “statements of faith and values” that can be found in people with a Biblical worldview. Some beliefs commonly found in people with a Biblical worldview include:
- God exists and is the Creator of the universe and all life including man.
- God exists in three forms, the Father (God), the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit.
- The Bible is sacred and has been written by men as directed by the Holy Spirit and God.
- Belief is based in faith, and generally cannot be proven or disproven.
- The teachings and commandments of the Bible are to be followed.
- Mankind ultimately is separated from God by sin. Only through faith that Jesus Christ is our Lord and Savior, belief that He died on a cross as a sacrifice for our sins, and belief that He was resurrected on the third day to live today can we achieve salvation.
- Salvation is by faith through grace, and it cannot be earned by works.
- God is active in the world today, He hears our prayers, and He is in control.
The Evolutionary Worldview
A person or group with an evolutionary worldview places their belief in the scientific forces of nature. There is no outside controlling force such as God. What exists in the world today has resulted from a series of random events occurring over billions of years. Some beliefs commonly held by those with an evolutionary worldview include:
- The universe came in to being by the “Big Bang” theory, where at a finite point in time the universe exploded from nothing, and it has expanded outward ever since.
- Life came into being randomly from combinations of chemicals on earth.
- Changes in life forms have happened as a result of random mutations of genetic material and natural selection.
- There is no such thing as absolute morality. Moral values are relative to the society.
Are Biblical and evolutionary worldviews compatible in the same group or individual? This is the topic of a future discussion.